SLP in Medical Setting

Speech and Language Pathologists’ Roles and Responsibilities in Hospital settings

♦ Identify children and adults with communication and swallowing difficulties.

♦ Perform formal and informal assessments to evaluate communication and swallowing problems.

♦ Utilize instrumental evaluations (Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing – FEES, Video fluoroscopy Swallow Study – VFSS, Computer Technology – Alternative Augmentative Communication Devices) to observe, collect data, and measure parameters of swallowing and communication.

♦ Diagnose communication and swallowing difficulties after performing comprehensive assessments.

♦ Make decisions in selecting the most appropriate intervention.

♦ Plan and implement evidence-based therapeutic intervention.

♦ Make decisions on prognosis concerning communication and swallowing disorders.

♦ Take necessary steps to safeguard the clients’ lives, especially during the swallowing assessment and treatment procedures.

♦ Provide interventions to the individuals with communication and swallowing difficulties having a holistic goal of improving their quality of life.

♦ Implement Speech and Language Therapy Tele practice when necessary.

♦ Evaluate speech, language, and swallowing therapy progress and implement discharge procedures.

♦ Counsel and guide the clients and their families during the treatment process.

♦ Maintain records on initial and subsequent evaluations during the treatment process, on the point of discharge, and audit of records.

♦ Facilitate safe patient discharge and providing follow up as needed.

♦ Strive to maintain objectivity in all their judgments and be responsible for their conduct.

♦ Make appropriate referrals for other medical professionals who are involved in the patient/client management.

♦ Participate in multidisciplinary clinics and propose specific speech and language therapy interventions to the management.

♦ Provide training for family members and other healthcare professionals to implement the home-based programs to generalize target skills.

♦ Guide educational and social sectors to manage communication disorders effectively (E.g., leaflets, workshops, etc.)

♦ Conduct awareness programs for other health care professionals and general public to increase awareness on communication and swallowing disorders, and available treatments.

♦ Engage in teaching and educational activities related to the areas of expertise when required.

♦ Conduct research in the field of communication and swallowing difficulties to guide clinical decision-making and determine the effectiveness of service provision.

♦ Supervise and train speech and language therapy clinicians in clinical and (educational) university settings.

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